Roman Palmyra: identity, community and state formation


Abstract


Palmyra is not well served by serious monographs on its history and culture, at least not in English. Both R. Stoneman's Rise and Fall of Palmyra (Ann Arbor, 1992) and I. Browning's Palmyra (London, 1979) lack depth and detail, especially on epigraphic evidence. The position in French is little better, despite the fact that the archaeology of Palmyra has for many years prior to recent troubles been dominated by French (and also Polish) researchers. The best general work is that by J. Teixidor, Un port romain du désert: Palmyre (Paris, 1984 = Semitica 34), which is rather short. There have, of course, been many major works on specific aspects of Palmyra, its archaeology (too numerous to list in detail), religion (H. J. W. Drijvers, The Religion of Palmyra [Iconography of Religions XV, 15, Leiden, 1976]; Teixidor, The Pantheon of Palmyra [EPRO 79, Leiden, 1979]; T. Kaizer, The Religious Life of Palmyra [Oriens et Occidens 4, Stuttgart, 2002]) and art (M. Colledge, The Art of Palmyra [London, 1976]).

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